ASUDEC welcomed the coordinator of the International Livestock Research Institute project (LSIL) on 23 August 2019 at its experimental site in Gampéla. During this visit, Isidor Gnanda appreciated the progress of the project. He also hoped that the students in the field learn a lot to defend their reports conveniently at the end of their training.
Located about 25km east of Ouagadougou, Gampéla, is a village where ASUDEC is conducting experiments on local guinea fowl productivity in partnership with the University of Georgia (UGA), USA, and the Nazi Boni University (UNB) in Bobo-Dioulasso under the funding of the Livestock Systems Innovation Lab based in Florida. Indeed, the deficiency of animal protein in human nutrition is common to countries of sub-Saharan Africa. The gap between the supply of animal products and the demand calls for special actions, particularly in Burkina Faso. The demand is so high that traditional poultry farming that had always been practiced in rural areas, is now the business of producers in urban and suburban areas. Among the domestic birds, guinea fowl presents more interesting advantages over the others, especially economically.
Unfortunately, it tends to spawn seasonally and is a bad brooder; hence the use of hens to hatch the eggs. However, the latter cannot brood these large quantities of eggs led in a few months. Therefore, there is massive sales of guinea fowl eggs across the country, hindering the production of more guinea fowls for more eggs and more income. Also, even with their small numbers of poultry, many households are unable to feed them properly due to lack of quality food, hence the use of termites that are becoming more and more rare in the bushes because of desertification, and especially, the practice of extensive poultry production that is results in low productivity.
The research consortium therefore wants to find a solution for: 1) Egg storage during the high spawning periods for programmed hatching over time; 2) improved productivity of guinea fowl through improved feed and nutrition. To do this, the researchers want to produce maggots (fly larvae) to incorporate in feed diets instead of fish or soybean. All along their work, they will develop a comprehensive technology package for local guinea fowl breeding and the production and use of maggots for small producers as well as for private investors.
On the research site in Gampéla, infrastructures have been built by ASUDEC as its own contribution to accommodate the LSIL research project activities. "The infrastructures include, on the left wing, a protected shed for the production of maggots on one side, and a henhouse one another side that houses brooder hens; On the right wing are built 12 boxes each consisting of a shelter and a small outer course that is well protected with wire mesh, intended to receive batches of guinea fowl for nutrition tests. Further down is a chicken house housing more than 80 breeding fowl for the production of eggs.”, explains the director of ASUDEC, Salibo Somé to his visitors.
As education is the overarching goal of ASUDEC, two graduating students from the livestock department of UNB's Institute of Rural Development (IDR) have been integrated into the project for a ten-month internship. While BANHORO Daniel will be working on egg storage and offspring production, KERE A. Bassiniwendé will focus on maggot production and feed diet evaluation. They will be supervised more specifically by Prof. Nianogo J. Aimé and Dr. Salimata Pousga, both members of the research team.
According to the LSIL projects coordinator, Isidor Gnanda, the International Livestock Research Institute project (LSIL) started in 2016 and will end in 2021; But already, Dr. Gnanda says the results on the ground are satisfactory. "LSIL consortium teams are working hard on the ground despite administrative delays at the partner level. These are very committed teams as is the case of the team of this project. We are proud of this, "says Gnanda. He continues that the program is part of the USAID’ Feed the Future program. Therefore, these groups of researchers aim to produce results to impact human nutrition. He encourages the students in their fieldwork and hopes that they will benefit considerably from their ten months of training.